JAMES THOMAS POLLARD
November 25, 1834 - September 20, 1909
James Thomas Pollard was the son of Rosston Whatley Pollard and Eveline Barton
Pollard born November 25, 1834 in Rome, Georgia. He was married to Nancy Hart
and they had 10 children before they divorced in September of 1884.
Tom Pollard was an engineer, and went to school at Centenary College in Louisiana.
In family tradition he is referred to as a surveyor. He did many land surveys
in parts of Texas and Oklahoma. In an application for a pension for his service
in the Indian Wars he lists his occupation as a Farmer and Stock Raiser. Also
in the pension application he lists his places of residence in Texas as: "Hopkins
County for 5 years, Johnson County 4 years, Palo Pinto County 5 years, Johnson
County 7 years, Montague County 6 years, Palo Pinto County 12 years, Greer
County Texas 13 years, and the balance in Gray County Texas".
In the late 1850s and into the 1860s he resided in Palo Pinto County and
was involved in the defense of the area from the Indians during this period
with the local Texas Ranger organization and then in the Frontier Regiment
during the Civil War.
He was with the local group of citizens from Palo Pinto and bordering counties
that participated with Texas State Troops under Sul Ross in the battle near
the Pease River that resulted in the recovery of Cynthia Ann Parker in December
1860. Charles Goodnight was also a participant in this battle and became a
long time friend.
During the Civil War, citizens drew straws to determine who would join the
Confederate army and who would stay and protect the frontier. He drew the
frontier and was active in many Indian battles and skirmishes.
Tom Pollard is mentioned in several anecdotes in J. Evetts Haley's book CHARLES
GOODNIGHT, COWMAN & PLAINSMAN.
From the Dallas Morning News Obituaries September 22, 1909
WOUNDED BY ARROW IN 1861
SAM HOUSTON'S FRIEND,
SUCCOMES AT MCLEAN, TEX
SPECIAL TO THE NEWS
Amarillo, Tex., Sept. 21 - After suffering
for forty-eight years effects of a poisoned arrow shot from the bow of a savage
Indian, Col. J. T. Pollard died last night at his home in Mclean Tex. Col.
Pollard who was a close personal friend of Gen. Sam Houston and Col. Charles
Goodnight and other notable Texans from the early days, had resided in the
state for sixty-four years. He was one of the foremost frontiersman during
the Civil War and rendered much valuable assistance to Texas through protection
of her early settlers. In addition to the wound to which the death of the
pioneer was due, he bore eight other distinct scars inflicted by dangerous
arrow thrusts. In addition to the arrow wounds, there were a number inflicted
by gunshot. The unfinished history of unrecorded events of interest, including
those grouping about the life of this grand old man was found in his own handwriting.
The document will likely be completed by members of his family.
Note: Neither James Thomas Pollard nor Charles
Goodnight actually gained the rank of Colonel in their military service
and I have not been able to confirm Tom Pollard's friendship with Sam Houston.